UN Funds and Programs

The United Nations Development Program works in approximately 170 countries and territories to eradicate poverty and protect the planet. UNDP helps countries develop strong policies, skills, partnerships and institutions to support their development. The UNDP was created on November 22, 1965 by combining the Expanded Technical Assistance Program (EPTA) and a special fund. [5] The rationale was “to avoid duplication of work”. The EPTA was established in 1949 to assist the economic and political aspects of the least developed countries, and the purpose of this special fund was to broaden the scope of United Nations technical assistance. The Special Fund grew out of the idea of ​​the United Nations Economic Development Fund (SUNFED) (originally known as the United Nations Economic Development Fund (UNFED)). Countries like the Nordic countries were in favor of such a UN-controlled fund. However, the fund encountered opposition from developed countries, especially the United States, which relied on the Third World, which dominated this funding and preferred to be under the aegis of the World Bank. The idea of ​​SUNFED to create a special fund was rejected. This special investment fund was a contract within the meaning of SUNFED, it did not provide investment capital, but only helped to create the conditions for private investment. The United States proposed and created the International Development Association under the auspices of the World Bank, as well as the EPTA and the Special Fund. In 1962, the Secretary-General of the United Nations Economic and Social Council was asked to consider the pros and cons of merging United Nations technical assistance programs, and in 1966, EPTA and the Special Fund merged to form the United Nations Development Program.

UNDP: UN Development Programme
UNEP: UN Environment Programme
UNFPA: UN Population Fund
UN-Habitat: UN Human Settlements Programme
UNICEF: UN Children’s Fund
​WFP: World Food Programme

Other units:

ITC: International Trade Centre
OHCHR: Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights
UNAIDS: Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS
UNCTAD: UN Conference on Trade and Development
​UNHCR: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
UNOPS: UN Office for Project Services
UN-Women: UN Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women

Category: UN System
Tags: , , ,