United Nations Population Fund
The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) provides a world where every pregnancy is desirable, every birth is safe and every newborn thrives. UNFPA works with governments, other organizations and civil society to promote its mission. Its efforts are guided by two frameworks: the Plan of Action adopted in 1994 by the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) and the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), eight targets for reducing extreme poverty. ‘by 2015.
As the date for achieving these goals and objectives approaches, the analysis of progress, incentives for grants and doubling of efforts will accelerate. UNFPA will participate in the post-2014 review to engage government and civil society leaders in building a renewed consensus and global commitment to a more equal and sustainable world. UNFPA aims to ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health (including family planning), promote reproductive rights, reduce maternal mortality, and accelerate progress on the ICPD plan of action and its development goals. UNFPA also focuses on improving the lives of young people and women by promoting human rights and gender equality and promoting an understanding of population dynamics. Population dynamics affect all aspects of human, social and economic development, including growth rates, age structures, births, death rates and migration. Women’s sexual and reproductive health and empowerment have a strong and significant effect on demographic trends.