Planning for results

Planning for results:

Planning with the logical framework approach is done In five steps:

Planning stagestasksInstruments
Analysis of initial situation. Where are we?What are the problems and the potentials?Analyze stakeholder Analyze problem Analyze potential    Stakeholder analysis matrix Problem tree
Fish-bone diagram
SEPO/WWOT analysis
Appraisal of alternative approaches What alternative approaches are there? How should we assess them? Which approach do we choose?Analyze alternative approachesDecision matrix
Utility analysis
Cost-benefit analysis
Multi-criteria approach
Vision of intended change Where do we want go to? What results do we expect to achieve?Analyze intended results: outcomes and impact.Elaborate result chainResult tree. Brainstorming
Visioning Result chain or framework  
Design of Project Strategy What results do we set? How can we achieve them? What external factors influence the project?Design log-frame: Hierarchy of results.Assumptions.Indicators and sources of Information.Inputs / Resources. Analyze risks and assumptions.Log-frame.Risk assessment. Standard indicators. Feasibility Studies.
Design of Project Organization What are the roles of responsibilities? What means are available and needed? How will the project be steered and evaluated?Define organizational setup.Allocate means.Design Monitoring and Evaluation SystemOrganizational chart
Project document

This module describes the planning processes and some of the key planning instruments. All of them are suitable for participatory planning processes involving different types of stakeholders. In order to assure a high degree of participation, many of the instruments are best used in a workshop setting with up to 12 participants. Such a workshop normally lasts four or five days and requires professional facilitation and continuous visualization.