Log Frames

LogFrame is a matrix planning tool that provides an overview of project objectives, activities and expected results. It creates a structure that allows project components and activities to be specified and linked together. Measures to monitor the expected results of the project have also been defined.

The Logical Framework approach was developed in the late 1960s to assist the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) in project design. Most large international donors now use some sort of logical or consequence framework when designing a project.

logical structure structure

A logframe consists of a matrix of four columns and four or more rows that summarize the key elements of a project plan, including:
Hierarchy of project objectives. The first column shows the intervention logic of the development path or project. Basically how a goal or result is achieved. Each goal or outcome should be explained by the goal or outcome found below. Although different donors use different terminology, the logframe usually summarizes the following in its first column:
Objectives / General Objectives / Development Objectives
Objective / Immediate Purpose
The logical framework is derived from the planning method used by the US military (perhaps because they are considered a bit rigid) and later adopted by the US for development projects in the 1960s. Since then, it has become the standard approach required by donors for all grant applications.

The simplest form of logical structure is a 16-cell 4×4 table, although it is not a strict format. Write on the table what you want to achieve and how you will achieve it. In theory, writing a logical outline should make planning and managing your project easier, as you can see the order in which activities lead to your overall goal.